Gil-Galadís parentage was one of the most controversial, contradictory and changeable aspects of Tolkienís work on the Silmarillion. We can see that in ĎThe Return of The Shadowí (HoME 6) that in early draftingís Gil-Galad was a descendant of Feanor
: ď And he made an alliance with the elf king of those landsÖGilgaladÖa descendant of Feanor..Ē
HoME 6;ĎAt Rivendellí
Of who he was descended from ,we donít know, but Tolkien tells us that of all the sons of Feanor, only Caranthir, Maglor and Curufin (Father of Celebrimbor) were married, though I doubt whether the genealogies of the Finweans had been developed much at this point. (The early drafts of LoTR) At first I thought he may be a Feanorian because Tolkien wanted Gil-galad and Celebrimbor to be related, but in these versions, Celebrimbor is a descendant of Daeron, the Sindarin loremaster. (Iím unsure as to if he was a brother of Luthien here, as he was in BoLT.)
But Tolkien began to shift away from this and by the time of the end of LoTR he had been made into a son of Finrod. (Who here is known as Inglor or his later nickname Felagund)
: But fearing now that all strong places were doomed to fall at last before the might of Morgoth, he (Finrod) sent away his wife Meril to her own folk in Eglorest, and with her went their sonÖGilgalad starlight he was calledÖĒ
HoME 11;The Later Quenta Silmarillion.
We can see that this conception (that Gil-Galad was the son of Finrod) was unchanged for some time, as HoME 5 shows us:
:ďBu Elrond the Half-Elven remained with Gilgalad son of Inglor FelagundÖĒ
But when the story of Finrod and Amarie was developed (Grey Annals, HoME 11, also present in HoME 10), and her not being able to go with him into exile, a new story had to be developed.
So he was made into the son of Orodreth. Originally Orodreth was a son of Finarfin, but Unfinished Tales tells us that Tolkien wanted to put him down a generation:
: For some reason unknown to me, my father displaced the second king of Nargothrond and made him a member of the same family in the next generation
Unfinished tales; Of Galadriel and Celeborn.
The parentage of Orodreth was also switched, but only twice. Firstly he was a son of Finrod, and his name was ĎArtanaro Rhodothirí (HoME 12), but Tolkien ,realising his mistake, changed his parentage to Angrod. (Aegnor not being married, as he fell in love with Andreth, the Beorian wise-woman, so his parentage was assigned to the only son of Finarfin available.)
Iím going to side-track a bit here, if you donít mind and discuss the idea that Fingon was the father of Gil-galad, which is stated in the Published Silmarillion:
:Fingon in sorrow took the lordship of house of Fingolfin; but his young son Ereinion ( who was after named Gil-Galad) he sent to the havens
The Silmarillion; ĎOf the ruin of Beleriandí
And it seems this idea of Chris Tolkien was developed from this ephemeral (short-lived) idea in The Grey Annals
: But his young son Findor Gilgalad he sent to the havens
HoME 11; The Grey Annals
But this, was though, a forgivable mistake by Chris Tolkien, since a lot of the published ĎSilmarillioní is derived from the ĎGrey Annalsí it was a mistake that he would rue. He later comments on his mistakes in the Grey Annals (HoME 11) and the Shibboleth of Feanor (HoME 12)
Also in the Shibboleth of Feanor (HoME 12)[/ Tolkein states that Fingon (Here 'Findekano' his Quenya name, of which 'Fingon' is the Sindarin translation) had no wife and thus no child:
: Findekano had no wifer or child
So, we can see that Tolkienís last take on Gil-galadís family tree is as follows:
: Finarfin-> Angrod -> Orodreth-> Gil-Galad and Finduilas
HoME 12; The Shibboleth of Feanor
THAT is Tolkienís final word on it. Gil-Galad IS NOT the son of Fingon, as the Published Silmarillion states, and so Gil-galadís father is most definetly Orodreth, son of Angrod.
Thank you for that information Findekano. Keep those onformative posts coming.