Death shall come to any man that draws Elendil's sword save Elendil's heir.
Well, if you just take it at face value, it is entirely true with the exception of Aragorn, in whose case it is entirely false. ' Why would that be,' you might ask? Because all Men are mortal; we all shall die in the end.
However, I don't think that was the intent of Aragorn. He wasn't offering a warning about any Elven curse that had been laid upon Anduril, but was issuing a personal threatening oath to any in hearing who would touch it, not to on pain of death. Though, if they took it the other way, so much the better.
Now, had the sheath also been that of Narsil, Elendil's sword from whose shards Anduril arose, and not a parting gift of Celeborn and Galadriel, there may have been a curse. However, the only prophesy involved was the one Galadriel made at the gift giving: "The blade that is drawn from this sheath shall not be stained or broken even in defeat." - from 'Farewell to Lorien' , Chapter 8, Book II, FotR
Even when he summoned the Oathbreakers from the Morthond to the Stone of Erech, Aragorn didn't brandish the sword before them. Though just having it with him must have enhanced his kingly bearing enough that they knew he was Isildur's heir; and the unfurling of Arwen's banner in the darkness at the Stone, must have ratified the fact.
Another of Aragorn's oaths concerning Anduril, the Flame of the West, was when he actually did brandish it glittering in the sun, two days before they left Minas Tirith on their ride to the Black Gate. Then he said, "You shall not be sheathed again until the last battle is fought." - from 'The Last Debate' Chapter 9, book V, RotK.
I have gotten slightly off topic here and the above is just my humble opinion. Maybe one of Elrond's Elven sword forgers actually did lay a curse on the blade as they were reforging it. What do you think?