I recall reading something to the effect that Caradhras had an evil will, or, rather, that it somehow didn't take kindly to fellowships traipsing over it, trying to pass it.
Does Tolkien illuminate this train of thought anywhere else? Is the mountain actually against travelers, or just these particular travelers?
I reckon the Lord of the Breath of Arda wanted to test the strength & endurance of those would-be heroes the Fellowship consisted of, and obviously the Nine Runners failed this test and were subsequently sentenced to crawling through the dust & bones of Moria. A rightful punishment, indeed.
But, ironically enough, the foolishness of a Took turned an easy crawl into a frenzied run for survival and led to the death of a Wizard.
I bet the One was really annoyed when the Grey's spirit suddenly came floating upon his doorstep. I can easily imagine him sending this wayward spirit back to whence it came with a casual fling of His Hand.
Later on in the same chapter, when they were wondering if the long arm of Sauron was responsible for the bitter weather they were encountering on the mountain, Gimli provided this rebuttal:
'Caradhras was called the Cruel, and had an ill name,' said Gimli, 'long years ago, when rumour of Sauron had not been heard in these lands.'
Yes but was Caradhas a person? Like atlas i mean?
Golly-gee-whiz-fish No! Caradhras was the mountain that turned the Fellowship back with its snowstorm, instead of letting them climb the pass on its shoulder in order to reach the Dimrill Dale from Hollin; thus forcing them to endure the deep, dank, dark, dangerous Mines of Moria.
'I wonder if this is a contrivance of the Enemy,' said Boromir. 'They say in my land that he can govern the storms in the Mountains of Shadow that stand upon the borders of Mordor. He has strange powers and many allies.'
'His arm has grown long indeed,' said Gimli, 'if he can draw snow down from the North to trouble us here three hundred leagues away.'
'His arm has grown long,' said Gandalf.
Here in the book, Gandalf didn't seem to be refuting the notion.
(One of PJ's numerous poetic movie licenses was that he assigned to Saruman the task of calling down the snow.)
The Fellowship needed to pass through Moria for certain monumental events to take place... certain weenies needed to grow which would not be possible with Gandalf the Grey present holding their hands and telling them what to do... not that they grew much in the end, but still.
Must you always be having a go at poor Aragorn, Vir?
Lord Denethor's words ring truer than Big Ben on St George's Day:
'But I say to thee, Gandalf Mithrandir, I will not be thy tool! I am Steward of the House of An’rion. I will not step down to be the dotard chamberlain of an upstart. Even were his claim proved to me, still he comes but of the line of Isildur. I will not bow to such a one, last of a ragged house long bereft of lordship and dignity.'
But I don't think this thread concering Caradhras is the proper place for that discussion about Denethorn or Aragorn though the latter had traversed the mountain, both on the surface and below it during his long career.
By my reckoning in Peter Jackson's Movie Saruman the White invokes the mountain top with the evocation:
Cuiva а nwalca Carnirasse! Nai yarvaxea rasselya taltuva notto-carinnar! (LoTR, Fellowship of the Ring"). [You can actually hear that when from the top of Ortang Saruman (Christoffer Lee) makes the evocation.]
It is like: "Awaken, You - cruel Red Horn! May your bloodstained horn collapse upon enemy heads!"
I will check later with the book for more information and eventually come back with it.
In general Tolkien did not always print dh where it should be found, but his notes on pronunciation in Return of the King speak to this example specifically. For another example of this, one older derivation of Maedhros hailed from Maenros, but the much later form Maedros represents a different concept.
Caradhras was one of the mountain peaks above Moria. One can imagine why the peak does not like the Dwarfs (they seem to call it Khuzdul). In the book the fellowship is stopped by the mountain itself, as in the movie (P.Jacksons LoTR) Saruman makes a storm upon the Fellowship's members.
Imho it was the Lord of the Winds himself who was pestering the Fellowship, gently coercing them to take the shortcut under the mountains lest they'd stray from the path of Fate.
On a different note, I think it clear that the storm was not caused by mere chance of weather, as was mentioned before on this thread. I draw this conclusion from the way the snow had fallen and the words of Aragorn and Boromir saying that there are "Foul voices on the air" in addition to the discussion i referenced earlier.
Anyway... what was presented in the movie in some way changes the expression from the original text. But I think in this particular moment in the movie what Saruman is doing with the evocation is to "awaken the wrath of the mountain top" (it is again the mountain, that stops the Fellowship from passing) rather than "create the storm himself". Aragorn's words: "He is trying to bring down the mountain..." (LoTR-the movie, FoTR) are misleading" as one can see if read the invocation I've posted above.
Sauron was the reason why the mountain tried to stop the fellowship. Boromir said that he could create
storms at the Mountains of Shadow so he could create storms and at the Misty Mountains.